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    Grammar

    In Tigrinya irregular verbs begin with the letter "" - such as:
    ኣፍለጠ(to let know) => ንሱ ፍልጥ | ንሳ ፍልጥ | ንሕና ፍልጥ => "" becomes , or
    ኣንበበ(to read) => ንሱ ንብብ | ንሳ ንብብ | ንሕና ንብብ => "" becomes , or
    . .
    . .

    Regular verbs - such as:
    ወሰደ(to take) => ኣነ ወስድ(i take) | ንሱ ወስድ(he takes) | ንሳ ወስድ(she takes) | ንሕና ወስድ(we take) => At the beginning , , or is put first.
    ፈለጠ(to know) => ኣነ ፈልጥ | ንሱ ፈልጥ | ንሳ ፈልጥ | ንሕና ፈልጥ => At the beginning , , or is put first.
    . .
    . .

    A big topic in the Tigrinya-Grammar is gender.
    Depending on the gender of the noun almost all words in the sentence change to fit - f.i.:
    እቲ ስረ ነዊሕ እዩ። = The trousers are long.
    እታ ባቡር ነዋሕ እያ። = The train is long.
    ተሓጒሶም ኣለው። = They're pleased. (masculine plural)
    ተሓጒሰን ኣለዋ። = They're pleased. (feminine plural)

    Alphabet with sound



    False Tigrinya

    Many foreign words that originally came from Italian, English or Arabic are used by Speakers sometimes although those words also exist in original Tigrinya, even in a simpler and shorter form. The following table shows suchlike examples. You can make a good word exercise out of it, too. The right table describes the numeric system in Ge'ez which is also the native numeric system in Tigrinya, Amharic, Tigre and other languages. Those Ge'ez numbers are still partly used in numerations (e.g. in books).

    Wrong Correct
    ኣርማድዮ ከብሒ
    ሰድያ መንበር
    ፊንስተራ መስኮት
    ካንቸሎ ቀጽሪ
    ፓላሶ ርሻን
    ሽቓቕ ሽንቲ-ቤት
    ማርቴሎ ሞደሻ
    ፎርኖ እቶን
    ቢያቲ ሸሓኒ
    ኣራንሺ ብርትኳን
    ቻው ድሓን ወዓል
    ድሓን ኩን (ንነዊሕ ግዜ)
    ፌስታ በዓል
    ካለንዳር ዓውደ-ኣዋርሕ
    ፋርማሲ ቤት-መድሃኒት
    ባር ቤት-መስተ
    ፕሮግራም መደብ
    ኤኮኖሚ ቁጠባ
    ፍዮሪ ዕንባባ
    ሶፍቲ መንዲል
    ሳንከሎ መገለል
    ኦክያለ መነጽር
    ሽጎማኖ መሓበሻ
    ሙዘዩም ቤተ-መዘክር
    ኦፕራሲዮን መጥባሕቲ
    ኣንጎሎ ኩርናዕ / ጸግዒ
    ላእ/ላላ/ኖ ኣይኮነን
    ማራ ኣዝዩ
    ጎደና ጽርግያ
    ምሳሌ ኣብነት
    ሪስቶራንት ቤት-መግቢ
    ኦፊስ ቤት-ጽሕፈት
    መጋዚን መጽሔት
    ትራንስፖርት መጕዓዝያ
    ዶኩመንት ሰነድ
    ቢከሪ ብርጭቆ
    PDF


    Wrong Correct
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10
    11 ፲፩
    12 ፲፪
    ... ...
    20
    30
    40
    50
    60
    70
    80
    90
    100
    1000 ፲፻
    10 000 ፻፻
    100 000 ፲፻፻
    1 000 000 ፻፻፻
    PDF















    ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ናበይ ገጹ፧ ምህብታምዶ ምህውታት፧ - ኣብዚ ጠውቕ